Sunday, December 29, 2019

Thomas Jefferson And The American Constitution Essay

When it comes to the understanding of the Constitution, Jeffersonian Republicans are generally characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. This characterization however, fails to take into account the complexities of the domestic and foreign policies supported during the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison, as well as ideas held by the Federalists support the idea that they supported some principles of a strict constitutional interpretation when it suited their cause. Between 1801 and 1817 it is clear to see that both parties to some extent crossed their political lines when it was the best way to achieve their political agendas. On August 13th 1800, before his election Thomas Jefferson wrote to Gideon Granger, a future member of Jefferson’s cabinet, about taking down the Federalists, protecting the state s rights, and that the Constitution is the wisest piece of political literature to address the needs of such a varying and diverse nation(Doc. A). Thomas Jefferson was the Third president of the United States, the primary author of the Declaration of independence, and believed that America should grow as an agrarian nation with a limited central government and strong state governments. This document shows that Jeffersonian Republicans were strict interpreters of the Constitution by telling us directly that changing the federal constitution to hurt state governments defines this new nation as a monarchy, andShow MoreRelatedThomas Jefferson And The Declaration Of Independence1360 Words   |  6 PagesThomas Jefferson was a man who was born on April 13, 1743, he the third president of United States, author of the Declaration of Independence, a lawyer gentlemen farmer, he also was the father of the University of Virginia. Jefferson’s influences on government was to end federal government, to allow the Sedition and Alien Act to put an end to it, to end the taxes, and after ending taxes to release prisoners held by this act. Thomas brought a studied informality to the presidency. He used revenuesRead MoreGeorge Washington and Thomas Jefferson Contribution to Stable Government724 Words   |  3 PagesRevolutionary Contributions to Stable Government George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were two important presidents who had an enormous affect on our nation’s stable government and beginning years of our country. Each made their unique contributions to a new government under the Constitution after the failed adoption of the Articles of Confederation. After the war for independence, the Articles of Confederation, began to fail because there was no direct effective way to to collect revenue,Read MoreThomas Jefferson And The Constitution911 Words   |  4 Pagesopinions. However Thomas Jefferson the 4th president of the United States also known as the father of the constitution and Alexander Hamilton who was the author of the majority papers written as well as the leading member of the constitutional convention the both of them took part in creating the(factions) that lead to the political systems also known as democracy being introduced. James Madison was the principle intellecteal leader of the constitutional convention while Thomas Jefferson contributedRead MoreAlexander Hamiltons Contribution to America Essay908 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction According to Scott (2008), the Constitution of America has undergone several translations within the history of America because they found it to be unclear. Whereas it appears discrepant that the unclear Constitution could be useful, the disagreement is the case (Robertson, 2005). Americans regard the Constitution to be helpful for the reason that it allows for diverseness of views. In the history of America, a variety of thoughts would develop with alarming and formidable supportRead MoreThe Second President Of The United States942 Words   |  4 Pagestheir accomplishments. Thomas Jefferson is one of the American presidents that vastly contributed to the current form of our government. Jefferson, the third President of the United States, primarily remembered for two main achievements; he made the Declaration of Independence and made the Louisiana Purchase possible to Americans. From the fear of losing free Trade and having European Neighbors, Jefferson wanted to purchase the terr itory of Louisiana. Specifically, Jefferson was afraid that foreignRead MoreFederal Constitution Essay1186 Words   |  5 PagesJeffersonian Republicans, led by Thomas Jefferson himself and later on by James Madison. Those who composed this legislative faction tended to believe in strong state governments, a feeble central government, and a rigid interpretation of the constitution. Opposing the Jeffersonian Republicans were the Federalists of America. The federalists craved for a mighty central government with less powerful state governments, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution. The two parties had divergent standpointsRead MoreThomas Jefferson and Philosophical Consistency Essay examples782 Words   |  4 PagesDBQ #3 Thomas Jefferson was an early American politician, who was well-known for his actions during his presidency. He was labeled as a Democratic-Republican, meaning he favored stronger rights of individual states, rather than a central government with a lot of power. That is, at least in the years prior to his presidency. After he was elected, however, his convictions totally changed. During his presidency, three major events; his war with the Barbary Pirates, his restrictive economic policiesRead MoreThe Causes Of The American Revolution1137 Words   |  5 PagesThe Revolution: The American Revolution happened because of the chain of complicated events. In the 1760s, I was around 3 years old when the British imposed unfair taxes on the colonist. Being colonist, my parents became very distressful due to the discrimination they had to experience. The colonist had enough with the taxation, and because the British mistreated them, they decided to fight to be free from England. Other factors also motivated them for their rights and freedom for instance, â€Å"commonRead MoreFederalists vs. Democratic Republicans922 Words   |  4 PagesThe United States of America was founded on a Constitution that was supposed to preserve our freedoms and certain liberties. All Americans at that time wanted to keep America a free an independent nation with rights for its people. However there was two different groups, the Federalists lead by Alexander Hamilton and the Democratic-Republicans led by Thomas Jefferson, which thought this could be achieved in very different ways. Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton were very different in theirRead MoreDbq #3 Thomas Jefferson and Philosophical Consistency Essay685 Words   |  3 PagesIn the years prior to Thomas Jeffersons presidency, he was a very vocal critic of a centralized federal government and he was an avid follower of the constitution, yet once he became Commander in Chief he changed his tune towards these issues. The three largest contradictions that stand out amongst his actions were his war with the Barbary pirates, using restrictive economic policies to achieve his goals, and his acquiring of Louisiana. Although these contradictions were for the good of the country

Friday, December 20, 2019

72.OBrien E, Sheridan J, OMalley K. Dippers Non-Dippers.

72. O Brien E, Sheridan J, O Malley K. Dippers non-dippers. Lancet 1998; 88: II: 397. 73. Fagard RH, Staessen JA, Thijs L. Optimal definition of day-time night-time BP. Blood Press Monit 1997; 2: 315-21. 74. Kario K, Matsuo T, Kobayashi H et ., al. Nocturnal fall of BP silent CV damage in elderly hypertensive patients. Advanced silent CV damage in extreme dippers. Hypertension 1996; 27: 130-5. 75. Fumo M, Teeger S, Lang R et., al. Diurnal BP variation cardiac mass in American blacks, whites South-African blacks. Am J Hypertens 1992; 5: 111-6. 76. O Brien E, Atkins A, Staessen J. Are over-night dip target organ damage related? A clinical perspective. Blood Press Monit 1996; 1(suppl 1): S41-6. 77. Boley E, Pickering TG,†¦show more content†¦Results from the PAMELA Study. Hypertension 2002, 39: 710-4. 87. O Brien E, Cox JP, O Malley K. Editorial review, ambulatory pressure measurement in the evaluation of blood pressure lowering drugs. J Hypertens 1989; 7: 243-7. 88. Coats AJS, Radaelli A, Clark SJ et., al. The influence of ABPM. The design interpretation of trials in hypertension. J Hypertens 1992; 10: 385-91. 89. White W. Utilising ABP recordings to evaluate anti-hypertensive drug therapy. Am J Cardiol 1992; 69: 8E-12E. 90. Mancia G, Omboni S, Parati G. Assessment of anti-hypertensive treatment by ABP. J Hypertens 1997, 15 (Suppl.2): 543-50. 91. O’Brien E, Parati G, Stergiou G, et., al. ESH Working Group on BP Monitoring. ESH position paper on ABPM. J Hypertens.2013;31:1731–1767. 92. Brien E, Gianfranco P, George S. ABP Measurement. What Is the International Consensus? Hypertension.2013; 62: 988-994. 93. NICE. Hypertension. The clinical management of primary hypertension in adults. Clinical Guidelines 127.2011. Assessed August 20, 2013. 94. Mancia G, et., al.2013 ESH/ESC Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. The Task Force for the management of arterial hypertension of ESH of ESC. J Hypertens.2013;31:1281–1357. 95. O’Brien E. The value of 24 h BP monitoring to assess the efficacy of anti-hypertensive drug treatment. Hot Topics in Hypertens 2011; 4:7–23. 96. O’Brien E. Why ABPM should be mandatory in all

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Confucianism and Its Implications in Modern China Essay Example For Students

Confucianism and Its Implications in Modern China Essay Confucianism is a time enduring philosophy that has stood up to invading clans, war, resentment, enforcement and infringement of new philosophies, and eventually, revival. For almost 80years, up until the late 1970s, Confucianism and its ideas and values have been all but wiped away from China. Though effort was made to remove Confucianism for good from China by the Communist leader Mao Zedong in 1949, the ideas and values were so deeply embedded into peoples mind and the culture that even suppression could not keep it out of the culture and practices. The main factor that has brought Confucianism back into the limelight in China and other East Asian countries is the recent development of economic growth and the possibilities behind why that has occurred. This is a topic that has brought about much dispute among scholars, that is, whether or not Confucianism has played any role in the progress of these countries, especially that of China. It is through the adaptation and re-institution of Confucian ideas and philosophies to that of the modern era that will develop China and create a better society, government, and economy allowing it to grow and prosper. This is not an attempt to reinstate Confucianism as it once was, but rather the idea of Confucianism going through a modernization process in which one includes those parts that are helpful to society while removing those that are harmful to society. It is not the purpose of bringing back Confucianism as the main and only philosophy as it once was in Imperial China; but rather, the process of incorporating it with modern ideas and into modern context where it will be deemed beneficial to society. This is a relatively new concept that has been present for only about 20years or so. Due to this, no definite theory has been developed to say whether this is plausible. When looking at the ideas of Confucianism, one must look at the values that he expresses that are essential to human beings in order to become gentleman. Some of these values are present in every society and in every country. Ideas like jen and the Golden Rule are indispensable to life in almost every society on the globe. In order to look at Confucianism and evaluate whether it has relevance in the modern era, one must look at the social, political/governmental, and economic aspects that it brings. When doing this, however, one has to be open and willing to account that the ideas of Confucius are present even when they do not seem as though they may be implemented or those persons do not feel that they possess them in a Confucian sense. In addition, you must approach this with the intent to merge ideas together. It is no surprise that philosophies adapt and develop overtime; therefore, one must admit that all societies correlate in some way to each other and to refute that this is true is to refute that both societies are erroneous. Society is the biggest aspect of life in which Confucianism has tremendous impact on. Not only does Confucianism layout the way one should be, act, and present himself towards and to others; these are the qualities that any civilization basis its self on. A researcher can tell much about a nation by its social well-being or lack of well-being. History can tell a lot about a nation and its society; this can also allow them to see what causes the society to be weak and what causes it to be strong. This can allow one to see whether a certain philosophy does well in the nation or how its following affects the nation. Neglect of Confucius teachings is often associated with social chaos and sufferings in Chinas history. .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf , .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf .postImageUrl , .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf , .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf:hover , .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf:visited , .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf:active { border:0!important; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf:active , .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u35ed99c1129b3eecd0cf20f2437fdecf:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: A moral Growth Essay In short, what this is saying is that Chinas history has shown that Confucianism is the backbone of society and the state; when they are not followed the state is in chaos and when they are followed the state does well. The well-being of the state therefore depends on Confucianism and whether it is followed. This shows that Confucian teachings still have tremendous impact in China. Ideas like harmony, filial piety, and .